17 February 2010: When a state makes an internal political initiative, it is usually (if not always) the case that it has the upper hand, and that the opposing force/ party knows it, cannot change the balance of power, and therefore weighs the option of taking the offer. It may be that the offer is never taken up, or that the power balance shifts, in which case, the state loses the upper hand, and the initiative fails. Other scenarios can be worked out of this, but the constant is this. The state ought to have/ get the upper hand for any political initiative to work. This political initiative must not be confused with what a state is forced to accept, for example, the creation of smaller states, in which the play of forces is different and indeed the opposite of what is considered normal, which is a privileging of state power over that of other actors.